Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis)
Species Information

Anoa - Copyright: Marwell Wildlife

DESCRIPTION: Anoa are the smallest members of the cattle family. There are two closely related species, the lowland (B. depressicornis) and the mountain (B. quarlesi). The lowland anoa stands around 1 metre at shoulder height4. Their coat is dark brown or black1, although females may be lighter in colour than males. Its horns are swept diagonally backward to help pushing through the dense, swampy forests5.

HABITAT: Lowland anoa are endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi1. They are found in primary and secondary lowland forest as well as swamp and mangrove forest3. In some areas, despite their name, they are also found in mountain regions3.

FEEDING: The lowland anoa is a browser, feeding on leaves, fruits, ferns, saplings and twigs1,5. They have been reported to drink seawater, which might fulfil their need for minerals in areas without salt licks3.

BREEDING: They are mainly solitary unlike other species of wild cattle, except during the breeding season1,3. The female is pregnant for 9 – 10 months, after which a single calf is born5. The young mature at around 2-3 years3.