Gaur (Bos gaurus)
Species Information

Gaur - Copyright ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

DESCRIPTION: Also called a seladang or Indian Buffalo5, the gaur is one of the largest bovids4. They can be as tall as 210cm (6½ feet) at the shoulder and weigh 600-1,000 kg. Their curved horns can be up to 110 cm (3½ feet) long and are black tipped2. The gaur has also been domesticated in India and Burma4. The domestic animal is called the Gayal, Mythan or Mythun and is smaller than its wild counterpart4.

HABITAT: There are three sub-species found in Southern Asia; in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Southern China, India, Lao PDR, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam4. They are found in forested hills and grassy clearings2.

FEEDING: In some areas it is diurnal, feeding in the morning and late afternoon2. In others it is mainly nocturnal, due to human interference2,3. They are believed to be both grazers and browsers, preferring green grass when available2,3. At least 180-190 plant species have been recorded in their diet 3.